Title: Land suitability analysis for urban and agricultural land using GIS: case study in Hvita to Hvita, Iceland

Author(s): Gerlee Puntsag
Final project
Year of publication:
Document URL: Link
Supervisors: Sigridur Kristjansdottir , Brynja Dögg Ingólfsdóttir
urban land, agricultural land, Land Suitability Analysis, Mongolia, Iceland


One of the global environmental problems is that the population is growing fast in the world. Unfortunately land is a limited resource. GIS technology can be used to identify and analyse land suitability for all kinds of land-use planning. In this study the weighted overlay method was used to identify land suitable for urban and agricultural use, using geographic data on roads, volcanic areas, geothermal areas, mines, wetlands, forests, industrial areas, soils, water, built area, slope, agriculture and protected areas. This land suitability analysis will be valuable to land managers in land-use planning. The main aim of the case study was to identify the technology and methods to use GIS tools for analysis to support location decisions with respect to the implementation of agricultural and urban planning. GIS was used based on a set of criteria derived from the spatial and environment aspect.

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