Title: Sustainability assessment of urban land-use systems: Evaluating impact indicators of Darkhan

Author(s): Sodgerel Purevee
Final project
Year of publication:


In order to implement successful strategies for urban development, decision makers should integrate issues (social, environmental, economic) in the country. Indicator-based methodology that seeks to achieve integration of all issues of sustainability has gradually evolved for this purpose. This paper is concerned with establishing an indicator set and assessing the sustainability of urban land use systems, using Darkhan City of Mongolia as a case study. The aim of the study is to formulate sustainability indicators and criteria by comparing Russian and UK methods and applying them to Darkhan’s land use system. The method highlights the impact on water, soil and air quality as the most important environmental effects. Data on household condition and land use with socio-economic effects are taken from official organizations such as the Land office, and Meteorological office of the study area. There are a total of 21 sustainability indicators which are found to be useful and their criteria are developed to measure sustainability of urban land use in Mongolia and tested in Darkhan city. Evaluation of the criteria determines whether land use in Darkhan is sustainable or unsustainable and what the main determinants are. The methodology is useful for measuring, monitoring and assessing all issues of urban sustainability as well as warning about the risk of lasting social, economic and environmental damage regardless of type, location and scale level. It is hoped that the application of existing methods will greatly accelerate the urban sustainability assessment learning process and improve policy effectiveness.

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