MSc presentation by Irene Jepkorir Ronoh

26 May 2020

Irene Ronoh from Kenya, MSc Fellow in Sustainable Energy Science at Reykjavík University will give a presentation on her MSc project on Thursday 28 May, 2020 at 16:00. Due to the COVID precautions this will be a closed presentation.

The title of the project is:

Developing an Eco-Industrial Park; Structures and Policies: A Case study of the KenGen Green Energy Park, Kenya

Irene's supervisors are:

Dr. Einar Jón Ásbjörnsson, Associate Professor, Reykjavík University, Iceland
Sigurður H. Markússon, Project Manager, National Power Company

The external examiner will be Viðar Helgason, Cluster Manager of Iceland Geothermal

The presentation will be streamed live on Teams through this link:


KenGen Green Energy Park intends to use renewable geothermal resources for the production of steel, glass, textile, leather, organic fertilizer, and food processing. The required energy will be harnessed from the geothermal brine in separator stations and steam from low-enthalpy geothermal wells. The study aims to develop the park as a sustainable and competitive Eco-Industrial Park, through improved efficiency, by embracing a robust circular economy. The focus was to develop industrial clusters, assess material flows within the clusters and determine industrial symbiotic opportunities between the firms. Using the standard EIP International Framework, the development of a multi-criteria assessment of policy interventions and recommendations to the energy park was done. Tools used in the study were; Stan2Web software for Material Flow Analysis, an EIP policy tool for assessment of policy interventions, a stakeholder matrix for mapping relevant stakeholders and a standard EIP management models as a guide to developing a park management model.

The estimated thermal energy available is between 2.5 MWt and 69.1 MWt depending on the energy source. Three clusters of companies emerged; steel-glass, textile-leather, and food-organic fertilizer clusters. These have been allocated on specified sites based on utility requirements; waste generated and emissions potential. The MFA models indicate that the flow of raw materials, products, by-products and wastes generated can be mapped within the production processes. Possible synergies emerge between firms that can potentially share these resources for mutual benefits. Industrial symbiosis results in the creation of opportunities for utility and infrastructure sharing as well as waste and by-product exchanges.

The multi-criteria analysis showed that Kenya needs to develop a National Action Plan on EIP that incorporates industrial symbiosis and resource efficiency into the existing industrial policies. Other relevant interventions include inter alia; tax holidays to encourage SMEs, the use of renewable energy for industrial processes, increase foreign direct investment to EIPs and social capital creation. A stakeholder map guided the development of a park management model. The model promotes a collaborative approach that underlines resource use efficiency through cleaner production and industrial symbiosis. It seeks to strengthen partnerships between industry, government, and research institutions to enhance eco-innovation. The findings of this study form the basis for the development of KenGen Energy Park as an Eco-Industrial Park with an integrated and resource-efficient circular economy.