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MSc presentation by Kunzes Dolma

13 August 2020

Kunzes Dolma from India, MSc Fellow in Sustainable Energy Science at Reykjavík University will give a presentation on her MSc project on Wednesday 19 August, 2020 at 11:00.

The title of the project is:

Energy and Food Security Using Geothermal Energy: A case study of Chumathang, Union Territory of Ladakh, India

Kunzes's supervisors are:

Árni Ragnarsson, Engineer & Quality Manager, ÍSOR
Juliet Newson, Director of the Iceland School of Energy, Reykjavík University

The external examiner will be Páll Valdimarsson, Adjunct Professor, Reykjavík University

The presentation will be streamed live on Zoom through this link:
https://us02web.zoom.us/j/88954495845

Abstract

Energy and food are the two essential requirements for the national security of any country. India is the third largest consumer of oil, the fourth largest oil refiner and a net exporter of refined products. India is dependent on the import of fossil fuel for meeting its energy demands which were 80% in 2018. 60 % of the electricity goes to meet the Heating Ventilation Air conditioning (HVAC) demands of the country. The dependence on fossil fuel can be reduced by using locally available renewable energy sources like wind, solar and geothermal. A solution is also required to the problem of energy access in remote areas where a reliable supply from the national grid is not available. This thesis investigates the feasibility of utilizing low enthalpy geothermal energy to provide energy and food security especially in remote areas. A case study of village Chumathang located at 3950 masl in Union Territory of Ladakh, India, shows the socio-economic impact of geothermal utilization in remote areas by using a low enthalpy geothermal and how it can solve the current problem of food and energy security. A 5 MW binary power plant will solve the electricity problem of the area which could replace the current installed 20 kW diesel generator providing reliable and clean energy. A commercial greenhouse of 1000 m2 would be able to supply year-round fresh vegetables. The case study shows that such projects lead to employment opportunities, prevent migration of people in search of jobs, adds to food and energy security of the region, improves the health of people. This is especially important for women in the region who bear most of the burden of domestic work and are most impacted by energy poverty. Such a model can be replicated in any low temperature geothermal remote areas where normally energy supply is not possible.